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Commentary
  • In 2013, 1,547 new cases of cancer (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers) were diagnosed in ACT residents (53% males and 47% females).  For the period of 2009–2013, an average of 1,536 new cases was diagnosed per year.
  • There were 422 deaths in the ACT attributable to cancer in 2012 (54% males and 46% females).  
  • The age-standardised incidence rate for 2013 was 418.6 cases per 100,000 people.  The age-standardised mortality rate for 2012 was 123.3 deaths per 100, 000 people.
  • The median age at diagnosis was 66 years for males and 63 years for females.  
  • For the period 2009–2013, the five most commonly diagnosed cancers accounted for 67% of all newly diagnosed cancers in both males and females.  
  • For the period 2008–2012, the five most common causes of death from cancer accounted for 53% of all cancer deaths in males and 61% in females.
  • The trend in incidence of all cancers combined is different for males and females. 
    • For males, since 1994 when cancer reporting became mandatory, there has been a statistically significant 0.4% decrease in the age-standardised incidence rate per year (P=0.008). 
    • For females, since 1994, there has been a statistically significant 0.4% increase in the age-standardised incidence rate per year (P=0.03). 
    • For males, the fluctuation in the trend is likely to be influenced by lung cancer rates which have decreased by 2.1% each year since 1994. This decrease is statistically significant (P<0.001). The trend for males has also been influenced by changes in the incidence rate of prostate cancer, largely due to Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing. 
    • For females, the rate is influenced by breast cancer incidence following the establishment of BreastScreen Australia in 1991 (AIHW 2014).

References
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014. Cancer series No 90. Cat. no. CAN 88. Canberra: AIHW.

Data

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Codes & Sources

The data is presented by the ACT Government for the purpose of disseminating information for the benefit of the public. The ACT Government has taken great care to ensure the information in this report is as correct and accurate as possible. Whilst the information is considered to be true and correct at the date of publication, changes in circumstances after the time of publication may impact on the accuracy of the information. Differences in statistical methods and calculations, data updates and guidelines may result in the information contained in this report varying from previously published information.

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