• Burden of disease analysis is a technique that is used as a measure of population health.  It is used to compare the impact of different diseases, conditions, injuries and risk factors on a population. This impact is a combination of the fatal (years of life lost due to premature death, YLL) and non-fatal (years lived in ill health or with disability, YLD) burden, they are then combined into a summary measure of health called disability-adjusted life years, or DALY. A DALY combines the impact of dying early and living with illness.  
  • In 2011 the ACT had the lowest age standardised rate of the total burden of disease (DALY) (175.1 per 1,000 population) compared with every other state and territory. 
  • Most of the differences in age standardised rates between jurisdictions can be attributed to fatal burden (YLL). The ACT had the lowest age standardised rate for fatal burden (YLL) (78.9 per 1,000 population) where the Northern Territory had the highest age standardised rate (170.1 per 1,000 population). The age standardised rates of non-fatal burden (YLD) were fairly similar across all jurisdictions, the age standardised rate for the ACT was 96.2 per 1,000 population. 

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Codes & Sources

Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2016. Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011. Australian Burden of Disease Study series no. 3. BOD 4. Canberra: AIHW.